Customs clearance

and its phased passage

Customs clearance of cargo or its customs clearance is the transfer of a set of documents, in accordance with the specified list, and the payment of all necessary customs payments. The submitted documents are the main argument for the authorized customs authority in deciding whether to allow the passage of this cargo through the customs border of the Russian Federation (import, export, transit). The term customs clearance is widely used among individuals and organizations that are engaged in foreign economic activity (foreign economic activity). It should be noted that any movement of cargo across the border, while it is absolutely not important whether it is import or export, also applies to foreign economic activity. Customs clearance, in fact, is the same customs clearance, which was simply named, a little differently. In the customs code of the Russian Federation, there is simply no official name for such a term. This is an average concept between "customs clearance" and "customs clearance". Customs clearance includes - clearance of cargo, payment of customs duties, as well as the implementation of other operations to legalize it. By the way, customs clearance and customs clearance of cargo can be similarly characterized. All 3 concepts refer to the same process of legalizing cargo for its subsequent import into the country. Let's consider in more detail how the customs clearance of goods takes place. It is important to know that customs clearance consists of 2 stages: preliminary and main.

Preliminary stages of customs clearance

The preliminary stages of customs clearance involve the following actions:
  • Notifying the customs authority about your intention to import or export goods or vehicles across the border;
  • Demonstration of goods and vehicles to a customs representative;
  • Submission of a package of documents required for customs clearance;
  • Registration of the submitted documents is also included in the preliminary steps.
Customs clearance
Customs clearance consists of 5 main stages:
  • Registration of the goods declaration (DT);
  • Passage of documentary control. During which, all documents submitted by the declarant are checked: DT, DTS (declaration of customs value), CTS (adjustment of customs value), in addition, the TN VED codes and the country of origin of the goods are also checked;
  • Passing foreign exchange control, during which financial documents are checked, these include: transaction passport and contract. The correctness of the specified customs payments submitted for payment is also checked;
  • Payment of customs payments, which include: duties, customs fees, taxes, fees for issuing licenses and other payments provided by law for customs clearance of goods;
  • Passing the customs control line, where a general final check of the correctness of the customs clearance takes place.
After these stages have been passed, the customs representative inspects the cargo, during which its correspondences are checked against the specified data.